Symptoms, Causes and Home Remedies of BURNS AND SCALDS

BURNS AND SCALDS

Burns and blisters are caused when the skin comes in contact with excessive heat. Most of the times, they are non-threatening and are minor, and can be treated using home remedies. Depending on the severity, burns are classified as first degree burns, second-degree burns, and third-degree burns. When the burns are deep and a large area is affected, (i.e. second and third-degree burns) immediate medical help must be sought.

Types of Burns

  • A first-degree burn causes mild pain and redness of skin and takes 2 to 7 days to heal.
  • Second-degree burns may cause swelling, blisters and peeling of skin.
  • Third-degree burns are very severe and may char the skin; they damage the deeper layers of skin and the nerves on the skin.




Causes

  •  Burns due to an open flame, while cooking or handling flame.
  •  Blisters are caused when skin comes into contact with hot or boiling liquids like water, milk and oil.
  •  Chemical burns are caused while handling acids and alkalis.
  •  Burns are also caused due to overexposure to the skin to harsh sunlight

Symptoms

  • Burning sensation and pain at the site of the burn.
  • Redness and inflammation of the skin.
  • Blisters appear when burns are caused due to hot liquids or steam.




Home Remedies

  • Wash the affected area with cold and chilled water and apply honey.
  • When a large area is affected, wash the affected area with cold water and put a towel dipped in cold water on the affected area for about 30-40 minutes to cool it down.
  • Wash the burnt area with cold water and apply sodium bicarbonate (baking soda).
  • Grate a raw potato and quickly place it on the burnt skin. It draws out heat from the affected area.
  • Apply fresh aelo vera gel on the affected area for quick healing.
  • As the wound starts healing, cut a capsule of vitamin E and apply on the affected area. This prevents scarring
  • Once the wound starts healing, you can apply ripe papaya paste to help to heal.
  • Applying a paste of fresh tomato on the burn immediately helps.




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