BURNS AND SCALDS
Burns and blisters are caused when the skin comes in contact with excessive heat. Most of the times, they are non-threatening and are minor, and can be treated using home remedies. Depending on the severity, burns are classified as first degree burns, second-degree burns, and third-degree burns. When the burns are deep and a large area is affected, (i.e. second and third-degree burns) immediate medical help must be sought.
Types of Burns
- A first-degree burn causes mild pain and redness of skin and takes 2 to 7 days to heal.
- Second-degree burns may cause swelling, blisters and peeling of skin.
- Third-degree burns are very severe and may char the skin; they damage the deeper layers of skin and the nerves on the skin.
- Burns due to an open flame, while cooking or handling flame.
- Blisters are caused when skin comes into contact with hot or boiling liquids like water, milk and oil.
- Chemical burns are caused while handling acids and alkalis.
- Burns are also caused due to overexposure to the skin to harsh sunlight
- Burning sensation and pain at the site of the burn.
- Redness and inflammation of the skin.
- Blisters appear when burns are caused due to hot liquids or steam.
- Wash the affected area with cold and chilled water and apply honey.
- When a large area is affected, wash the affected area with cold water and put a towel dipped in cold water on the affected area for about 30-40 minutes to cool it down.
- Wash the burnt area with cold water and apply sodium bicarbonate (baking soda).
- Grate a raw potato and quickly place it on the burnt skin. It draws out heat from the affected area.
- Apply fresh aelo vera gel on the affected area for quick healing.
- As the wound starts healing, cut a capsule of vitamin E and apply on the affected area. This prevents scarring
- Once the wound starts healing, you can apply ripe papaya paste to help to heal.
- Applying a paste of fresh tomato on the burn immediately helps.