Gingivitis also known as bleeding gums is the inflammation of gums due to bad oral hygiene. It is one of the periodontal diseases that affect the tissues surrounding teeth and gums.

If not treated in time then gingivitis can lead to more serious gum problems like periodontitis and may eventually lead to the destruction of one and tooth loss. Early-stage gum diseases are seldom painful; hence, you might have gingivitis but may not be aware. Gingivitis begins with the build-up of bacteria in plaque, causing inflammation and reddening of the gums. The gums may become susceptible to bleeding because of the severity of inflammation and this may be particularly problematic when brushing your teeth. In the early stages of gingivitis, the teeth are unlikely to be loose or shaky as they are still firmly planted since there is not much chance of any irreversible bone or tissue damage. It is extremely important that a gingivitis infection is diagnosed early and treated in a prompt manner. Gingivitis symptoms should never be neglected for the simple reason that gingivitis treatment can be quite effective in these initial stages, thus helping to prevent any advancement in periodontitis. In periodontitis, there may be some amount of separation of the gums from the bones, and the pulling away of the bones allows for the accumulation of debris in the gaps allowing infections. Your immune system may fight the bacteria but as the plaque spreads and begins to extend beyond the gum line, the process is only slowed down, but this gradual destruction is not reversible. Moreover, the effect of your immune response extends beyond the bacteria.


  • Plaque, bacteria and food particles accumulating between the gums and the teeth causes gingivitis. Although these accumulations may be very small, the toxic chemicals produced by the bacteria in them causes inflammation of the gums.
  • Besides the plaque, some other reasons for gingivitis are drugs, viral and fungal infections, hormonal changes during pregnancy and puberty, poor nutrition, medication and so on.
  • Smoking and poor oral hygiene greatly increase the risk of developing gingivitis.
  • Certain diseases like Eirv, diabetes and cancer or even seemingly harmless problems like a dry mouth can also contribute to the development of gingivitis.


  •  Inflammation, pain, swelling, and bleeding of the gums
  •  Bad breath (Halitosis)
  •  Receding and discoloration gums.

Home Remedies

  • Gargling with warm water to which common salt and a pinch of turmeric powder has been added is an excellent remedy to control gingivitis.
  • Rubbing teeth and gums with clove oil after brushing the teeth especially in the night before going to bed helps.
  • Using antibacterial mouthwash 3 to 4 times a day is useful.
  • Chewing clove after your meals also helps.
  • Eating fruits rich in vitamin C is beneficial. (For e.g. fruits like Indian gooseberry, lemon, sweet lime and orange).
  • Gargling with water in which seem leaves and mango leaves have been boiled is good for oral hygiene.

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